In occasion of the 50th anniversary of Maestro Muti's debut in Florence.
"The words of Shakespeare and the music of Giuseppe Verdi make me grateful to these two geniuses of art. Macbeth contains, above all, the joy of the throne, the sceptre. This we see in the double image of Lady Macbeth and her husband. But, with the following detail: in Verdi’s opera everything is in the hands, and the intentions, of the Lady, who controls Macbeth. All Verdi needs is a small, but great, musical arch to describe Macbeth and Banco. He does so in a circular manner, just a few lines are needed to demonstrate the elegance of the progression of the notes, as though they were part of a circle. It is no coincidence that this type of musical structure has been used. Over the years I have staged many editions of Macbeth, and every time I return to this opera, I realize that one never finishes digging into its characters”. Riccardo Muti (A.G.- La Repubblica)
Melodrama in four acts
Libretto by Francesco Maria Piave from Macbeth by William Shakespeare
Music by Giuseppe Verdi
Premiere: March 14, 1847 at Teatro della Pergola, Florence
Born in Naples, Riccardo Muti studied piano under Vincenzo Vitale at the Conservatory of San Pietro a Majella, graduating with distinction. He subsequently received a diploma in composition and conducting from the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory in Milan, where he studied under the guidance of Bruno Bettinelli and Antonino Votto.
He first came to the attention of critics and the public in 1967, when he won the Guido Cantelli Conducting Competition – by unanimous vote of the jury – in Milan. In 1968, he became principal conductor of the “Maggio Musicale Fiorentino,” a position he held until 1980. In 1971 Muti was invited by Herbert von Karajan to conduct at the Salzburg Festival, the first of many occasions, which led in 2010 to a celebration of forty years of artistic collaboration with the Austrian festival. During the 1970s, he was chief conductor of the London’s Philharmonia Orchestra (1972 to 1982) succeeding Otto Klemperer. From 1980 to 1992, he inherited the position of Music Director of the Philadelphia Orchestra from Eugene Ormandy.
From 1986 to 2005, he was Music Director of the Teatro alla Scala and during his tenure he directed major projects such as the Mozart-Da Ponte Trilogy and the Wagner Ring Cycle. Alongside the classics of the repertoire, he brought many rarely performed and neglected works to light, including pieces from the eighteenth century Neapolitan school as well as operas by Gluck, Cherubini, and Spontini. Poulenc’s “Les dialogues des Carmélites” earned Muti the prestigious Abbiati Prize from the critics.
The long period spent as Music Director of Teatro alla Scala culminated on December 7, 2004, in the triumphant re-opening of the restored opera house with Antonio Salieri’s “Europa riconosciuta”.
Incredible his contribution to Verdi’s repertoire, he conducted Ernani, Nabucco, I Vespri Siciliani, La Traviata, Attila, Don Carlos, Falstaff, Rigoletto, Macbeth, La Forza del Destino, Il Trovatore, Otello, Aida, Un ballo in Maschera, i Due Foscari, I Masnadieri. His tenure as music director was the longest of any in La Scala history.
Over the course of his extraordinary career, Riccardo Muti has conducted the most important orchestras in the world: from the Berlin Philharmonic to the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, from the New York Philharmonic to the Orchestre National de France, as well as, the Vienna Philharmonic, an orchestra to which he is linked by particularly close and important ties, and with which he has appeared at the Salzburg Festival since 1971.
When Muti was invited to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic’s 150th anniversary concert, he was presented with the Golden Ring by the orchestra , a special sign of esteem and affection, awarded only to a few select conductors. In 2018 he conducted for the fifth time the prestigious and extremely famous New Year’s Concert in Vienna after 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004.
In April 2003, the French national radio channel, France Musique, broadcasted a “Journée Riccardo Muti” consisting of 14 hours of his operatic and symphonic recordings made with all the orchestras he has conducted throughout his career. On December 14 of the same year, he conducted the long-awaited opening concert of the newly renovated “La Fenice” Opera House in Venice.
In 2004, Muti founded the Luigi Cherubini Youth Orchestra, which is composed of young musicians selected by an international committee from more than 600 instrumentalists from all over Italy.
Muti’s recording activities, already significant in the Seventies, range from symphonic music and opera to contemporary compositions , his recordings have won many prizes. The recording label dealing with his recordings is RMMusic (www.riccardomutimusic.com).
Riccardo Muti’s social and civic conscience as an artist is demonstrated by his concerts performed in places symbolising our troubled past and contemporary history, which he has conducted as part of “Le vie dell’Amicizia” (The Paths of Friendship) project, produced by the Ravenna Festival. Concerts were given in Sarajevo (1997), Beirut (1998), Jerusalem (1999), Moscow (2000), Yerevan and Istanbul (2001), New York (2002), Cairo (2003), Damascus (2004), El Diem, Tunisia (2005), Meknes (2006),Concert for Lebanon (2007), Mazara del Vallo (2008), Sarajevo (2009), Trieste (2010) Nairobi (2011), Ravenna (2012), Mirandola (2013) Redipuglia (2104), Otranto (2015), Tokyo (2016) and Tehran (2017) with La Scala Philharmonic Orchestra and Chorus, the Orchestra and Chorus of the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, the “Musicians of Europe United” a group made up of the top players of Europe’s major orchestras and most recently with the Cherubini Youth Orchestra.
Muti has received Innumerable international honors over the course of his career. He is Cavaliere di Gran Croce of the Italian Republic and a recipient of the German Verdienstkreuz , he received the decoration of Officer of the Legion of Honor from French President Nicolas Sarkozy in a private ceremony held at Élysée Palace. He was made an honorary Knight Commander of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II in Britain. The Salzburg Mozarteum awarded him its silver medal for his contribution to Mozart’s music, and in Vienna was elected an honorary member of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, the Vienna Hofmusikkapelle and the Vienna State Opera.
Russian President Putin awarded him the Order of Friendship, and the State of Israel has honored him with the Wolf Prize for the arts.
He has received honorary degrees from many universities in Italy and abroad. The most recent was in 2014 when he received an honorary degree from Northwestern University in Chicago.
He conducted the Vienna Philharmonic in the opening concert for the celebrations of the 250th anniversary of Mozart’s birth in Salzburg at the Grosses Festspielhaus. In 2017 the continuous collaboration between Riccardo Muti and the Vienna Philharmonic will reach 47 years.
During the 2007 Whitsun Festival in Salzburg, Muti began a five-year project with the Cherubini Orchestra dedicated to the rediscovery and valorization of the operatic and sacred musical heritage of the Neapolitan School of the 18th Century.
In September 2010, Riccardo Muti became Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and he was named 2010 Musician of the Year by Musical America. In February 2011, he was awarded two Grammy Awards at the 53rd annual awards ceremony for his live recording of Verdi’s Messa da Requiem with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. His recording won the Best Classical Album and Best Choral Performance awards. In March 2011, Riccardo Muti was selected as the recipient of the coveted Birgit Nilsson Prize, presented in a ceremony on October 13 at the Royal Opera in Stockholm in the presence of H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf and H.M. Queen Silvia. In April 2011, he received the Opera News Award in New York and in May 2011 he was awarded Spain’s prestigious Prince of Asturias Prize for the Arts. The award was presented the following autumn in Oviedo at a grand ceremony chaired by H.R.H. the Prince of Asturias. In July 2011 he was named an honorary member of the Vienna Philharmonic and in August 2011 an honorary director for life at the Rome Opera.
In May 2012, he was awarded the highest Papal honor: the Knight of the Grand Cross First Class of the Order of St. Gregory the Great by Pope Benedict XVI.
In 2016 he was honored by Japanese Government with the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star.
In July 2015, Riccardo Muti’s desire to devote even more to the training of young musicians was realized: the first edition of the Riccardo Muti Italian Opera Academy for young conductors, répétiteurs and singers took place at Teatro Alighieri in Ravenna.
Talented young musicians and an audience of music-lovers coming from all over the world took part in it. The Academy has the purpose to pass on to young musicians Riccardo Muti’s experience and teachings and to make the audience understand in all its complexity the path that leads to the realization of an opera.
The first edition focused on Falstaff was followed in 2016 by two editions, in South Korea and in Ravenna dedicated to La Traviata,and by the edition on Aida in 2017. (info: www.riccardomutioperacademy.com).